|THIRUVENKIDOM TEMPLE GURUVAYOOR -
The Thiruvenkitachalapathy Temple situated at Thiruvenkidom desom which is a kilometer to the north east of the famous
SreeKrishna Temple, Guruvayur is an ancient and unique shrine in many
respects. The most notes worthy point is that the deity worshipped at this
temple is the same Lord Thiruvenkitachalapathy (Balaji) worshipped at the world
famous Tirumala Temple in Andrapradesh. As per astrological findings made by
reputed astrologer, late Puduseri Vishnu Namboodiri, more than one thousand
years ago, a sage from the Tirumala Temple came over to Guruvayur and
wishing to establish a temple for his Lord Venkitachalapathi at Guruvayur
where there is already a temple for Lord Sreekrishna, sat by the side of the
present temple tank, prayed for and obtained permission of the Lord for such
a temple at Guruvayur and then established this
temple after bringing an idol from Tirupati.
This astrological finding is borne out by the simple
fact that the locality where this temple is situated is known as Thiruvenkidom from time immemorial. The abode of Thiruvenkitachalapathy, is
naturally Thiruvenkidom . It might be the wish of the great Lord that where
he is already worshipped as Sreekrishna, he should be worshipped as
Venkitachalapathy also. That must explain this extraordinary phenomenon of
the three different manifestations at the same place, to perhaps make true.
His declaration that "whoever worships me in which ever manner, I bless him
in the same manner". There is no doubt, that in that distant past when
communication and contact facilities wore totally lacking the sage could
come from Tirumala and establish this temple at distant Guruvayur is
entirely due to the Lord's will and blessings. This temple could very well
be treated as established by the Lord himself, the sage being only an
instrument in His hand.
But here also man's violent nature and maliciousness manifested. Enemies of the temple later mutilated the idol. The head
and right hand of the idol were cut off and later generations didn't know
whose idol it was. This continued till 1974 In 1974, some devotees arranged
the devaprasna (astrological search) mentioned earlier and came to know the
real nature of the deity. The devotees then went to Tirumala, arranged an
idol from there, took it to all the temples in South India, finally brought
to Thiruvenkidom and reinstallation was done in June 1977 in a grand
ceremony by the Thanthri of the Guruvayur temple, Brahmasree Chennas
Parameswaran Namboodiripad, and Periya Jeer Swami of Tirumala who is
believed to be the successor of the founder sage of this temple. Thus the
Lord in his divine grace manifested himself again at Thiruvenkidom. Now most
of the devotees who come to Guruvayur have darsan of Lord Venkitachalapathy.
Another unique feature of this temple is that about six hundred years after
the original installation of Lord venkitachalapathy an idol of Bhagavathy
(Mother goddess) was also installed here. This Mother goddess through her
benign nature and generous blessings soon began to be worshipped as the
ruling mother of the entire population. There soon grew and emotional tie
between the Mother and the devotees. She was the refuge and protector of all
No body returned empty handed from her Divine presence.
After the idol of Thiruvenkitachalapathy was mutilated it was the Mother's
shrine which retained the tradition of this temple. The Mother continued to
be worshipped during this cloudy period. This is explained by the fact that
for the local people this is still the temple of the Thiruvenkidom
Bhagavathy as the presence of Thiruvenkitachalapathy came to be known only
in 1974, Now both Thiruvenkitachalapathy and Bhagavathy have equal
importance. The main Sreekovil is of Thiruvenkitchalapathy. Bhagavathy's
Srikovil is in the south East end of the valiambalam.
Ganapathy (Vigneswaran) Saraswathy, Ayyappan and Nagaraja are also
worshipped as upadevadas. A separate shrine is also built for the original
founder of the temple, Ramanujaryar.
After the reinstallation in 1977 an elaborate systems of poojas and rites
have been prescribed. Pooja is done three times for Bhagavathy and
Venkitachalapathy. Milk and navakabishekams are done for Venkitachalapathy
preceding the Uchapooja.
Poomoodal is done daily for Bhagavathy as part of the Uchapooja. This is done
as offerings by the devotees.
Muttirickal and Poomoodal are very important offerings for Bhagavathy.
Muttirickal is done by ceremoniously breaking a coconut at the feet of the
Bhagavathy. This is done for removing all obstacles in the path of the
devotee in all matters connected with his life, like getting job, passing of
examinations, Marriages etc. Poomoodal on the other hand grants all his
wishes and ensures success in all ventures. This is borne out by the fact
that Poomoodal is booked in advance up to 2020 now. Only one Poomoodal is done
on one day. Booking is continuing.
Makarachowwa is the most important festival of Bhagavathy. Falling on the
first Tuesday of the Malayalam month of Makaram, (January) this festival has
become the festival of the whole community. There is such an emotional
approach to this festival. There will not be a single person in and around
Guruvayur who does not visit the temple and pay homage to the Bhagavathy on
that day. The festival is inaugurated ten days in advance by hoisting the
flag and the collection of para (conventional offering of grains to the full
measure by devotees to the Bhagavathy) by the Komaram, starts the next day.
Komaram is a person supposed to be possessed by the power of the goddess and
is in an ecstatic state and what ever he says and does is believed to be
done by the goddess. For this purpose the Komaram visits every home to the
accompaniment of drums etc. Besides the temple court yard will be filled
with paras on the day of the festival, offered by devotees.
direct to the temple. The acceptance of these paras' by the Komaram at the end of the
festival procession is a colorful ceremony charged with devotion. Procession
with caparisoned elephants at noon and early morning and the final rites in the pattupanthal are the important features of the festival now laksharchana is
also being conducted on this day. But the sense of intense devotion that one
feels on darsan on this day accompanied by the "Aravanapayasam" which is the
special prasadam is beyond words. It is to be experienced.
Karkidaka Pooja, Vishuvela (New year) and Navarathri, are the other
festivals relating to Bhagavathy During the last two years sangeeradhana was
conducted during the Navarathri festival and the signs are that this will be
a great success in the coming years.
The annual Brahmoltsavam of Lord Thiruvenkitachalapathy
is being celebrated in preceded by five days of Tantric rites and the six
day on the Malayalam month of medom (April - May) with the flag
hoisting done on the punarvasum star. Utsavam is being celebrated every year
since the reinstallation in 1977. As per the custom followed in the Kerala
temples, and as prescribed in the Thantra Sasthra a Naveekarana kalasam,
comprising of Thantric rites, Including reinforcement of the installation of
the idol and rejuvenation of the power of the deities was conducted in 2007.
One thousand pots (Kalasam) filled with various liquids and charged with
chaithanya (divine power) generated by the "manthras" chanted by the priests
are poured over the idol to rejuvenate the power of the deity as part of the
During the usual annual festival Abishekam with 108 Kalasams for Bhagavathy
and sahasrakalasham for Thiruvenkitachalapathy with Brahmakalasam are conducted
as prescribed after the Naveekarana Kalasam.
Thantric rites for the rectification in the erosion of the power of the
deity due to omissions and commissions are an important part of the anual
festival. The rejuvenated energy overflows and envelops the surroundings
lending end energy to all. Public feeding and cultural programmes are also
conducted during the ulsavam. The Lord is taken the around the temple on a
caparisoned elephant followed with the drums five times each morning and
evening during the first three days after the flag hoisting. This is a
important feature of the utsavam.
Most important days of the Brahmotsavam are the last three days, Utsavabali
(auspicious for darsan) Pallivetta (Symbolic destruction of evil) and
Aarattu (holy immersion of the Lord in the tank) marking the culmination of
the festival. The Arat procession with the Lord on an caparisoned elephants taken around
the main roads of the village is a colorful sight and at the same time is a
devotionally charged experience. The devotees flock at their gates with
various offerings in their ecstasy to receive the Lord which happens only
once in a year.
After the procession returns to the temple the Lord is immersed in the
temple tank after Thanthri rites and the devotees who throng on the main
ghats of the temple tank also simultaneously dip themselves in the temple
tank. Here also the emphasis on devotion, dipping in the temple tank charged
with divine power on the idol's immersion.
After the arattus the Lord is taken again on the mounted elephant for nine
pradhakshinams around the temple and at the end of the nine pradhakshinas
the flag is deposited and the ulsavam comes to an end. Twenty five
Kalababishekams are done again and ulsavam comes to an end with Athazhapooja
and Sree bhoodabali.
The Ayyappan Vilakku Festival which is being conducted in the premises of
this temple on the 15th December every year, for the last forty years by the
Guruvayur Ayyappa Bhajana Sanghom has become an important annual event of
this temple. The public feeding in the morning, noon and at night without
any restriction of religion, caste or creed or numbers adds weight to the
solemn, devotional and pious atmosphere. Lord Ayyappa's presence is felt
Scheme of Endowment
In order to enable the devotees to have a constructive role in the worship
of Lord, we have devised a scheme of endowment. We accept fixed Deposits of
Rs.10,000/- (Ten thousand) each from devotees and a day's Pooja till
eternity is conducted in the depositors name, (day to be chosen by the
depositor) and prasadam, is sent to him. Several persons have already joined
these worthy schemes. We invite the devotees to join us in this Divine
Venture. Elaborate renovation and reconstruction work was done in the
The temple now has all these infrastructure required for a Mahakshetra, such
as Sreekovil, Mukha mandapam, Valiyambalam, Chuttambalam, Brass covered oil
lamps on the outer walls, Flag Mast (Teakwood covered with copper plates)
and Gopurams in the east and west side. All these facilities were provided
by the generous contribution from the devotees. We remember them with
gratitude and will always be praying for them. The following projects are
remaining to be taken up.
1. Paving of granite stones in the outer compound, of the temple.
2. Quarters for Poojaries etc.
3. Building for Kalyana mandapam.
We pray for further contributions, help and co-operation for the furtherance
of the temple activities. Any help rendered to a temple will bring blessings
for generations to come.
The administration of this temple is done by the Thiruvenkitachalapathy
Kshetra Samithy Registered as number is 234/78 under the charitable
Formerly the temple was under the private ownership of Mallissery mana a
reputed Namboodhiri family called "Ooralan of the temple". They still
officiate an Ooralan (Owner cum administrator) on all occasions where their
presence is formally required. Mallissery Mana is also the co-Ooralan of the
Sree Krishna Temple Guruvayur. The chief priest of the Sri krishna Temple is
the Chief Priest of this temple also
May Lord Thiruvenkitachalapathy and Bhagavathy bless all.
Thiruvenkitachalapahty Kshetra Samithi.